There’s time to get angry. And it’s best for your child if you do. Let’s say your child hits a playmate with a toy-hard enough to make the other child cry.How can you teach you child to feel sorry so he or she won’t do it again?Researchers say the best way for parents to react(反应)is to show their anger and to let the child know exactly why they are mad. Many parents believe that it is best to control their feelings and to wait until they’re calm before scolding their children. But the mother or father who explains reasonably to a child. “Peter was crying because you hit him, “is not likely to attract much attention.

Young children need to be scolded immediately, and strongly, before they’ll take criticism(批评)to heart. When your young child does something wrong, scold him or her seriously at once, At the same time be sure to tell the child clearly what he or she has done wrongs, An angry reaction without an immediate explanation does little good .Forbidding a child to play outside or not allowing him to watch TV as a punishment works well—but only when taken together with an explanation,Make certain your child understands that although his or her wrongdoing has made you angry, you still love him or her ,Use simple, direct words such as “You hurt peter. How would you feel if he hit you? You must never, never hurt people”. If your voice expresses strong feeling clearly. Your message will carry enough weight.

1. According to researchers, how should parents react when their child did something wrong? ___D___

A. Ask the child not to do it again any time.

B. let the child know what exactly happened.

C. Teach the child why and how to say sorry to others.

D. Show the child how angry they are and tell him why.

2.What do many parents think they should do with the wrongdoer? ___D___

A .Speak strongly and angrily to him.

B. Hide their feelings when talking to him.

C. Explain immediately why he was wrong.

D. Calm themselver down before scolding him.

3. What could be the best title for the text? ___A___

A. Best ways to Stop Children’s Wrongdoings.

B. Differences among Parents in Dealing with Children.

C. Different Ways to Deal with Children’s Wrongdoings.

D. Research on Preventing Children from Hurting Others.


Grandma Moses is among the most famous twentieth-century painters of the United States, yet she had only just begun painting in her late seventies. As she once said of herself: “I would never sit back in a rocking-chair, waiting for someone to help me.”

She was born on a farm in New York State. At twelve she left home and was in a service until at twenty-seven, she married Thomas Moses, the tenant of hers. They farmed most of their lives. She had ten children, of whom five survived; her husband died in 1928.

Grandma Moses painted a little as a child and made embroidery pictures as a hobby, but only changed to oils in old age because her hands had become too stiff to sew and she wanted to keep busy and pass the time. Her pictures were first sold at an exhibition, and were soon noticed by a businessman who bought everything she painted. Three of the pictures were shown in the Museum of Modern Art, and in 1940 she had her first exhibition in New York. Between the 1930‘s and her death she produced some 2,000 pictures: careful and lively pictures of the country life she had known, with a wonderful sense of color and form.

( )4. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

A. Grandma Moses

B. The Children of Grandma Moses

C. Grandma Moses: Her Best Pictures

D. Grandma Moses and Her First Exhibition

( )5. From Grandma Moses‘ s words of herself in the first paragraph, it can be inferred that she was _______.

A. independent B. pretty C. rich D. alone

( )6. Grandma Moses began to paint because she wanted to _______.

A. make her home beautiful B. keep active

C. improve her salary D. gain an international fame

( )7. Grandma Moses spent most of their life ________.

A. nursing B. painting C. farming D. embroidering

4.A 5.A 6.B 7.C


Although the United States covers so much land and the land produces far more food than the present population needs, its people are by now almost entirely an urban society. Less than a tenth of the people are engaged in agriculture and forestry (林业), and most of the rest live in or around towns, small and large. Here the traditional picture is changing: every small town may still be very like other small towns, and the typical small town may represent a widely accepted view of the country, but most Americans do not live in small towns any more. Half the population now lives in some thirty metropolitan areas (large cities with their suburbs) of more than a million people each --- a larger proportion than in Germany or England, let alone France. The statistics (统计) of urban and rural population should be treated with caution because so many people who live in areas classified as rural travel by car to work in a nearby town each day. As the rush to live out of town continues, rural areas within reach of towns are gradually filled with houses, so that it is hard to say at what moment a piece of country becomes a suburb. But more and more the typical American lives in a metropolitan rather than a small town environment.

8. If now America has 250 million people, how many of them are engaged in agriculture and forestry?

A. About 25 million. B. More than 25 million.

C. Less than 25 million. D. Less than 225 million.

9. Which of the following four countries has the smallest proportion of people living in metropolitan areas?

A. United States. B. Germany. C. France. D. England.

10. What’s the meaning of the word “metropolitan” in the middle of the passage?

A. Of a large city with its suburbs.

B. Of small and large towns.

C. Of urban areas.

D. Of rural areas.

11. According to the passage, what can we learn about small towns in the United States?

A. Most small towns become gradually crowded.

B. Small towns are still similar to each other.

C. As the traditional picture is changing, towns are different.

D. Small towns are turning into large cities.

12. Why is it hard to say when a piece of country becomes a suburb?

A. Because they are the same.

B. Because the rush takes place too quickly.

C. Because the process is gradual.

D. Because more and more Americans live in metropolitan areas.

8—12C C A B C